The Fragrance and Medicinal Plant Garden at the Museum im Spital Grünberg

Kräutergarten rechte Hälfte The building that today is home to the Museum im Spital Grünberg was used in a number of different ways in its past. In 1457 the building was first mentioned as being an Augustinian monastery, in what was then called "Neustadt" (the new part of town). Its monastic history ends during the Reformation. The first mention of the building being used as a hospital was in 1536. Old and frail people lived here until into the last century. This was funded by the Bürger, citzen through a hospital fund.

The history of the cloisters/monasteries and hospitals is closely related to the history of the gardens, which paid special attention to medicinal and crop plants. In the cloisters/monasteries important botanical-medical works and herbal books were written. Cloister medicine was largely herbal medicine.

So with this in mind we established a small monastery garden with a rondell of 4 flower beds, instead of the initially planned parking lot in the front court of the museum.



Quadrant A:  „Feel“ – even in Winter!

No.

German Name

Botanical Name

Medicinal Benefit

No.

German Name

Botanical Name

Medicinal Benefit

01

Kletterrose

Rosa `New Dawn`

Wound Healing

 09

Dachwurz

Sempervivum tectorum

Mouth rot, sore throat

02

Wacholder

Juniperus communis

`Suecica`

Gastrointestinal (Diuretic)

10

Salbei

Salvia officinalis `Purpurascens`

Mouth and Throat problems

03

Bergbohnenkraut

Satureja montana ssp. montana

Spice Plant

 11

Silberdistel

Carlina acaulis

Gastrointestinal (Diuretic)

04

Mauerpfeffer

Sedum acre

 

 12

Zitronenthymian

Thymus x citriodorus `Golden Dwarf`

Respiratory Tract

05

Tripmadam

Sedum reflexum

High Blood Pressure

13

Kissenthymian

Thymus praecox ‚Minor’

Respiratory Tract

06

Diptam

Dictamnus albus

Diuretic, anti flatulence

14

Feldthymian

Thymus vulgaris

Respiratory Tract

07

Josefskraut

Hyssopus officinalisAzuro

Rheumatism

15

Estragon

Artemisia dracunculus

Spice Plant

08

Rosmarin

Rosmarinus officinalisBlaulippe

Gastrointestinal

16

Buchsbaum

Buxus sempervirens

`Blauer Heinz`

Gastrointestinal (Diuretic)

Quadrant B:  „See“ – Spring coming!

No.

German Name

Botanical Name

Medicinal Benefit

No.

German Name

Botanical Name

Medicinal Benefit

16

Buchsbaum

Buxus sempervirens

`Blauer Heinz`

Gastrointestinal (Diuretic)

22

Pfingstrose

Paeonia -Hybride

Skin disorders

17

Zaubernuss

Hamamelis x intermedia

Skin inflammation

23

Schlüsselblume

Primula veris

Respiratory system catarrh

18

Christrosen

Helleborus niger

Kidney disease

24

Adonisröschen

Adonis vernalis

Rheumatic heart disease

19

Alpenveilchen

Cyclamen coum

For headaches

25

Bärwurz

Meum athamanticum

Bladder-Kidney, laxative

20

Salbei

Salvia officinalislcterina

Mouth / Throat problems

26

Küchenschelle

Pulsatilla vulgaris

For headaches, colds

21

Nieswurz

Helleborus foetidusWester Fliske

In the past a laxative

27

Gänsefingerkraut

Potentilla anserina

Gastrointestinal

Quadrant C:  „Smell“ – the fragrances of Summer!

No.

German Name

Botanical Name

Medicinal Benefit

No.

German Name

Botanical Name

Medicinal Benefit

16

Buchsbaum

Buxus sempervirens

`Blauer Heinz`

Gastrointestinal (Diuretic)

39

Silberkerze

Cimicifuga racemosa var. cordifolia

Menopausal symptoms

28

Damascener Rose

Rosa damascena

 `Rose de Resht`

Wound Healing

40

Mohn

Papaver orientale

Pain relief

29

Strauchrose

Rosa `Edenrose 85`

Wound Healing

41

Schwertlilie

Iris barbata

Teething  "violet root"

30

Salbei

Salvia officinalis `Berggarten

Mouth / Throat problems

42

Weinrauke

Ruta graveolens

Eye problems, protection against the plague

31

Lavendel

Lavandula angustifolia `Munstead Strain`

States of Restlessness

43

Echte Katzenminze

Nepeta cataria

Colds, bronchitis

32

Lemon-Ysop, Bergminze

Agastache mexicana x foeniculum

Tea for refreshment

44

Schnittlauch

Allium schoenoprasum

Supports the digestion

33

Garten-Katzenminze

Nepeta faassenii

Aromatic plant

45

Pfingstrose

Paeonia lactiflora

`Angelika Kaufmann`

Skin disorders

34

Fetthenne

Sedum telephium Hybr. ‚Herbstfreude

Bee's pasture! ???

46

Breitwegerich

Plantago major

Gastrointestinal

35

Kleinblütige Bergminze

Calamintha nepeta ssp. nepeta

Diuretic

47

Knoblauch

 

Allium sativum

Prevention of vascular changes

36

Wermuth

Artemisia absinthium

Gastrointestinal

48

Etagenzwiebel

Allium proliferum

Antibiotic

37

Eisenhut

Aconitum napellus

 

49

Silber-Heiligenkraut

Santolina chamaecyparissus ssp. tomentosa

Insect bites

38

Katzenpfötchen

Antennaria dioica

Gastrointestinal

 

 

 

 

Quadrant D:  „Taste“ – the fruits of Fall!

No.

German Name

Botanical Name

Medicinal Benefit

No.

German Name

Botanical Name

Medicinal Benefit

16

Buchsbaum

Buxus sempervirens

`Blauer Heinz`

Gastrointestinal (Diuretic)

60

Aronstab

Arum maculatum

Inflammation Mouth/Throat

50

Holunder

Sambucus nigra

Feverish cold

61

Beinwell

Symphytum officinale

Bruises, only external

51

Schwarze Johannisbeere

Ribes nigrum

Diuretic (Gout)

62

Salbei

Salvia officinalis

Inflammation Mouth/Throat

52

Rhababer

Rheum palmatum

Laxative

63

Ampfer

Rumex acetosa

High in Vitamin C

53

Immergrün

Vinca minor

Cerebral blood circulation

64

Wiesenknopf

Sanguisorba minor

Respiratory system catarrh

54

Wasserdost

Eupatorium purpureum

Against Typhus

65

Oregano

Origanum vulgare

Intestine & Air Passages

55

Wurmfarn

Dryopteris filix-mas

Previously against tapeworm

66

Frauenmantel

Alchemilla vulgaris

Diarrhea (Gynecology)

56

Wilde Rauke

Diplotaxis tenuifolia

 

67

Roter Sonnenhut

Echinacea purpurea

Boosts defensive forces

57

Baldrian

Valeriana officinalis

Nervous discomforts

68

Liebstöckel

Levisticum officinale

Gastrointestinal Diuretic

58

Lungenkraut

Pulmonaria officinalis

Respiratory Tract, Gastrointestinal

69

Pfefferminze

Mentha piperita

Gastrointestinal, Gall

59

Alant

Inula helenium

Gastrointestinal, (Kidneys)

70

Rossminze

Mentha rotundifolia

Gastrointestinal, Gall

The Freundeskreis Museum Grünberg e.V. would like to thank the following for their generous support and contributions: The pharmacists of Grünberger, Bahnhof-Apotheke, Bahnhofstraße 6 - Gallus-Apotheke, Alsfelderstraße 14 - Linden-Apotheke, Rabegasse 19 - Schloss-Apotheke, Rosengasse 2; Hans-Karl Angermann, Architect, for the conceptual design; Matthias Hub, Bildungsstätte Gartenbau Grünberg, for the horticultural and botanical concept and its implementation; elektro systembau bender - esb GmbH & Co. KG, Grünberg, for printing and implementing of this informational plaque.

The pharmacists of Grünberg continue to contribute to the maintenance and care of the herb garden plants under the direction of the FMG.

| Legal Notice | Copyright © 2010 Freundeskreis Museum Grünberg. All Rights Reserved |